Life on the land in Australia


Glossary of livestock terms

When you start to look at buying stock or dealing with people in the industry you can hear a lot of words/names that may be foreign to you.

Here are a few handy terms to know that might assist you when you are around the saleyards or talking to old hands about stock and rural related things.

Wean To remove calf from cow to stop cow lactation

Box To mix different classes of stock

Draft To separate different classes of stock

Cull Identify animals for sale/destocking based on poor production, conformation etc

Bangtail The name given to a horse or cow in which the long hairs on the tail are sheared off horizontally; in the horse, level with the hocks. Done partly for show, in cattle it is mainly a mark that they have been handled and the usual operations have been performed; e.g. castration, dipping, or to mark them as counted for transportation

Dressed weight Carcase wt, weight of animal after slaughter when head hide feet and gut removed

CFA Cast For Age – an animal identified as too old due to loss of teeth or culling criteria of a given age

Stag Poorly castrated or with remaining testicle or cord causing the animal to show male characteristics

Rig (Cryptorchid) A horse with only one visible testicle, the other being up inside the abdomen or inguinal canal. Rigs that are partially gelded retain the characteristics and behaviour of stallions but are infertile, unless the retained testicle has almost descended

Cut To castrate a male animal

Stranger Term for stock that have strayed onto a property and mixed with owned stock

Downer cow Cow that is lying down and can´t get up

Cracker cow Aged cow at the end of productive life

Cleanskin Unmarked and unbranded cattle that have eluded mustering until adult

The lead Stock that walk at the front of a mob

Wing The side of a mob of stock

Killer Animals kept for on-farm consumption

Ration The quantity and mixture of feed given to stock in feedlots and supplementary feeding systems

Drench Liquid given orally for the control of intestinal worms

Dip Process of running stock through a below ground vat of chemical solution to control external parasites

Dry Females not lactating

Agistment Grazing animals on other people´s land at an agreed cost

Handle/break-in Quietening of stock through introduction of halters and ropes.

Tailing Controlling stock (often on horses) to train stock for mustering and moving quietly

Mulesing This involves surgically removing the skin around the breech (backside) to prevent wool growth which reduces the risk of fly strike caused by blowfly

Inoculate/vaccinate To introduce a serum, vaccine, or antigenic substance into the body of an animal, especially to produce or boost immunity to a specific disease

Pour-on Method of application of vet chemicals where the correct dose of chemical preparation is applied along the back line of stock

Acaricide A substance or preparation for killing mites or ticks

Store Animals which have been grown slowly so that their skeletal development is not impaired, but muscle tissue is slightly below the animals potential and fatty tissue is not developed

Marking Process where castrating, branding, ear marking, vaccinating and possibly other husbandry procedures are carried out

March 27th, 2011

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